Brownsville, a major border crossing into Matamoros, Mexico, was originally the site of Fort Brown, a military outpost that played a significant role in both the Mexican-American War and the American Civil War.

Today a golf course covers historic Fort Brown, leaving it undeveloped as a tourist site. In fact, reports say that taking photographs on site is prohibited, and hitting a golf ball from the sixteenth hole into Mexico results in a fine.

Brownsville is home to the University of Texas at Brownsville and Texas Southmost College.

Controversially, the border wall was proposed to cut through the campus as a result of the Secure Fence Act of 2006. This plan prompted protests and a lawsuit from faculty and students, which pushed the site of the wall further south.

Fort Brown and the golf course remain south of the fence.